Saleem Jehangir

Pakistan Kangdukwon News

Pakistan Kangdukwon Federation banner
Kangdukwon Grand Master Saleem Jehangir (at center) recently conducted a boot camp workshop for Pakistani black belts. Pakistan Kangdukwon Federation continues its journey of establishing Kangdukwon in Pakistan by adding clubs steadily.

Pakistan Kangdukwon Federation continues its journey of establishing the World
Kangdukwon Tae Kwon Do in Pakistan by adding clubs under its wings, and asserting
its presence through holding demonstrations and Boot Camps.

Kangdukwon Grand Master Saleem Jehangir conducted a 2022 boot camp workshop for Pakistani black belts. Pakistan Kangdukwon Federation continues its journey of establishing Kangdukwon in Pakistan by adding clubs steadily.
2022 boot camp workshop conducted in Karachi for Pakistani black belts who learned the fundamentals of Kangdukwon theory and practice from South Asia’s first-ever black belt and founder of taekwondo in Pakistan, Saleem Jehangir (seated at center).

Three more academies have joined the Pakistan Kangdukwon Federation:

  • Eagle Kangdukwon Taekwondo Academy
  • Players Union Taekwondo Academy
  • Pakistan Players Taekwondo Academy
Masters Shahid Mir, Wasim Ahmad and Ahsan Khan, with students at the belt promotion ceremony at the Mir Martial Arts Academy in Karachi in early 2022.
Masters Shahid Mir, Wasim Ahmad and Ahsan Khan, with students at the belt promotion ceremony at the Mir Martial Arts Academy in Karachi in early 2022.

Mir Martial Arts Academy shares this video of one of their outdoor classes for children:

Mir Martial Arts Academy outdoor class for children

Courtesy: Grand Master Saleem Jehangir

President, Pakistan Kang Duk Won Federation

Vice President and Board Member, World Kang Duk Won Federation

Kangdukwon in Pakistan

Pakistan Kang Duk Won Federation News

PKF Demo at Frere Hall Park, Karachi with Grand Master Saleem Jehangir (left) and Master Shahid Mir, January 2021

[Karachi] Even under prevailing pandemic conditions, the Pakistan Kangdukwon Federation (PKF) continues to push forward on its journey of building Kangdukwon Taekwondo in Pakistan, adding clubs while also building greater public awareness of Kangdukwon Taekwondo through workshops and public demonstrations.

With the 2018 opening of the Mir Martial Arts Club in Islamabad before moving it to Karachi, the PKF has also added the Markaz Martial Arts Club to its club roster in 2019. In 2021 Markaz Martial Arts Club opened a second club in Karachi’s elite Defence Colony are, where both Taekwondo and training Mixed Martial Arts training are offered.

Students of these clubs have conducted joint exhibitions of traditional Taekwondo as a martial art, and sport Taekwondo as it is evolving as an Olympic sport. Taekwondo exhibitions were held at large public parks commonly used for celebrations and festivals, including Frere Hall Park, Aunty Park and the even larger Clifton Park, all located in the elite area of Clifton in Karachi. The displays attract many spectators who may also attend a sample class of Taekwondo training later on the park grounds.

Frere Hall Park demonstration participants

Mir Martial Arts Academy has opened its first club in Karachi, at Boat Basin in Clifton. The club’s current membership count has exceeded twenty.

The Markaz Martial Arts Club has opened another branch in Defence Housing Society, Karachi. In addition to TKD, this club also has Mixed Martial Arts in it.


Grand Master Saleem Jehangir, who trained directly under his master Hwa Chong in the 1960’s and 70’s as a University of Michigan student of , was the Asian subcontinent’s first-ever Taekwondo black belt and is widely known as the ‘Father of Taekwondo in Pakistan’. The Founder and President of the Pakistan Kang Duk Won Federation, he is also a Vice-President of the World Kang Duk Won Federation. GM Jehangir is a frequent chief guest and speaker at Taekwondo tournaments, dojangs, schools and at demonstrations and other Taekwondo events across Pakistan.

Down the Rabbit Hole: Taekwondo, Black Holes and Finnegans Wake

A Martial Artist’s Spirit Journey

Fifty-some years ago, I encountered Taekwondo. Little did I know that it would propel me on a life long journey that grows more amazing with each passing day.

As a freshman majoring in astronomy at the University of Michigan, I was fascinated by black holes, massive stars that undergo complete gravitational collapse so unimaginable that nothing, not even light, could escape from their intense gravity. I was struggling to wrap my head around differential equations, and it was not going well. It would not be my first failure in life, nor my last.

The author (at left) trained with U-Michigan TKD Club luminaries including chief instructor Joe Lloyd, Club founder Jim Young and Saleem Jehangir, who introduced Taekwondo to Pakistan and the Asian subcontinent.

Failure in astronomy stared me in the face. My mind was full of questions about the nature of the universe, and yet neither astronomy nor I could offer solutions. So I looked elsewhere, studying philosophy, anthropology, economics, and so on, still finding no satisfaction.

Unity of Theory and Action

That was when fate stepped in. To graduate, undergraduates needed two semesters of physical education. I chose Taekwondo. Back then, no one knew what it was, so we explained to friends that we were learning ‘Korean Karate’. To get the most of it, I joined the U-Michigan Taekwondo Club, a fateful decision that would transform my life.

Our head instructor, the 29-year old economist Mr. Chong (as we called him in those days), taught us to see both micro-views and macro-views of the world around us. While other Taekwondo instructors taught fighting tactics only, he taught both tactics and strategy, training his students first to be like foot soldiers, then like officers, and ultimately to think and act like generals.

The Power of Failure: The author learned qualities like humility and adaptability from repeated failures in life. His Taekwondo friends, teachers and even juniors often used him as a punching bag, as seen here in 1974. Photo courtesy Grand Master Joseph Lloyd

I was already pondering Unified Field Theory, a term coined by Albert Einstein, who attempted to unify the general theory of relativity with quantum mechanics. Master Chong carried it further and spoke rather of the Unity of Theory and Action. That is, blind action without theoretical understanding is bound to fail, and theoretical understanding alone is mere talk. Success arises when theory and action complement each other.

The Power of Failure

Master Chong taught us to convert our weaknesses into strengths, either through hard training or else by re-imagining and seeing the issue in a whole new light. Every ‘failure’ is also an opportunity for one to reflect, learn, and evolve to the next level of understanding.

Grandmaster Chong’s personal example had a far-reaching formative influence upon me. Fascinated and inspired by what he called the spirit of Taekwondo, I soon set out on a spirit quest to Asia that continues to this day.

In 1970, I chose not to do my junior year of study abroad in Germany, but instead designed a plan to circle the globe in pursuit of the spirit of Taekwondo in its many manifestations. With a one-way ticket to Korea, and after a short stay in Seoul, I entered Beomeo-sa, a Zen monastery on a mountain outside Pusan, and lived as a monk for the rest of my two month stay in Korea.

Wormholes and Finnegans Wake

Nobody has succeeded in decrypting Finnegans Wake, James Joyce’s dense multilingual comedy written over a period of seventeen years.

Ultimately, I decided to become a Buddhist monk in Sri Lanka in 1971. That was where I met the German Swami Gauribala, a remarkable man who had left Germany in 1936 and never returned, to become first a Buddhist monk, then a Hindu monk, and finally a simple hermit, a ‘nobody’. A citizen of Shambhala and a true cosmopolitan, he described his life as a quest for the Holy Grail.

German Swami became, after Master Chong, my teacher and role model. For fourteen years, until his passing in 1984, I lived and breathed to learn from him what I could. His final challenge to me was to study and understand the virtually unreadable 1939 novel by James Joyce, Finnegans Wake, written as a dream monologue retelling the history of the world. I still study it daily.

Transitions from Taekwondo to Aikido to Waltz

After returning to Michigan to complete my undergraduate degree in religious studies, Master Chong promoted me to first dan in 1976, not because of any exceptional ability on my part, but out of my sheer dedication to the art and to the masters of the art, Master Chong and his students, starting with Master Joseph Lloyd. Influenced by yoga and the teachings of German Swami Gauribala however, I had already begun to migrate to a nonviolent and non-competitive martial art, Aikido.

In 1976 shortly after being awarded my first Dan, I returned to South Asia. Based in Karachi, I served for five months as guest instructor of the Pakistan Kang Duk Won Tae Kwon Do Federation. After organizing one of Pakistan’s early national tournaments in December 1976, I retired from Taekwondo to resume my studies across much of South Asia.

While I was working in Frankfurt, Germany, I was able to resume Aikido training. When I returned to Ann Arbor in the mid-1980’s, I studied Yoshinkan Aikido for four years under Takashi Kushida Sensei, a worthy counterpart to Grandmaster Hwa Chong. Then, for twenty years from 1989 until 2009, I resided in Sri Lanka and India, trying to live the way the German Swami had lived, until I returned to America to settle in Florida where I live to this day.

“Master Patrick, how old are you?”

“Seventy, sir!”

“No, you are wrong! Think how old your DNA is. Your DNA has survived for millions of years. That means that you are millions of years old!”

-Hwa Chong

Master Chong taught us that Taekwondo is to be used in service of justice only. It follows, he says, that the true martial artist must also be a cosmopolitan, a person of broad vision who always cultivates a warm heart and a cool head. She or he is one who can see and serve justice: in the home, in the business world, in the dojang, and wherever needed.

At seventy, I now live in Gainesville, Florida, a campus town like Ann Arbor where I can dance and/or train seven days a week. My training with the Gainesville Old-time Dance Society (GODS) consists of contra dancing, waltz, and country dance traditions of England, Ireland, Scotland, Israel, and—not least of all—Dances of Universal Peace—while still training twice weekly at Aikido of Gainesville. Since 2014 I also serve the cause of justice for the Yezidis of Iraq and other persecuted minorities globally.

All this ever since 1969, I owe to Kang Duk Won Grandmaster Hwa Chong, Taekwondo teacher extraordinaire, economist, and cosmopolitan philosopher from a time when he and I were still young men.

What I have learned from Taekwondo: Nothing is impossible andThe best is yet to come!’


Patrick Harrigan, long time student and friend of Hwa Chong, the Kwan Chang Nim of KangDukWon Taekwondo, is Vice President for Public Affairs of the World Kang Duk Won Federation and the Secretary of the Confederation of Indigenous Nations of North Africa and the Middle East. A student of comparative religion, photographer, and author, since 1972 he has studied the role of sacred geography in South Asian mythology, especially traditions concerning Kataragama, the multi-religious shrine of the pan-Indian war god Skanda a.k.a. Murugan in Sri Lanka.

Note: This article first appeared in the Winter 2017 issue of Taekwondo Life magazine and is reproduced with the publisher’s kind permission.

“Taekwondo has spread like wildfire in Pakistan”

Saleem Jehangir reports from Karachi

Saleem Jehangir 1 March 2018
Saleem Jehangir 1 March 2018

[Karachi, 23 January 2021] Since 1971 when I started introducing Taekwondo in Pakistan, it has spread throughout the country. There is no city, village, or community left in this nation of 230 million people where Taekwondo is not being taught.

Today one can see Taekwondo taught in schools, clubs, colleges, universities, centers, parks, public grounds, in the armed forces and by the police. Every member of the armed forces is required to go through the training of Taekwondo. In every province police departments are doing the same.

In some schools in Pakistan, every student is required to take Taekwondo as a physical education class. Taekwondo has become the second most popular sport in the country after cricket, with teams participating in international competitions.

Grand Master Saleem Jehangir at a 2018 training camp in Multan, Pakistan

Taekwondo today is a household world in the country. Parents proudly talk about their children learning Taekwondo. Even villagers teach it using Korean terminology! Taekwondo has spread like wildfire, uncontrolled and uncontrollable.

In recent years two clubs have joined the Pakistan Kang Duk Won Federation, namely, Mir Martial Arts Academy and Markaz Martial Arts Club, both in Karachi.

by Grand Master Saleem Jehangir
President, Pakistan Kang Duk Won Federation
WKF Vice President and Member, WKF Board of Governors